The groups officially designated as terrorist organizations in today’s world developed from fundamentalist Muslim groups in Afghanistan and Pakistan in response to the Soviet invasion of 1979 and subsequent American military intervention in those countries and later in Iraq. In this course we will gain a sense of the background of these early years, an understanding of how and where terrorist groups later spread, and and understanding of the effects of US foreign policies and military/intelligence responses to terrorists. Recommended text: The Looming Tower: Al-Qaeda and the Road to 9/11, Lawrence Wright, ISBN: 0-375-41486-X. Cost: from $9.83. Pakistan on the Brink: The Future of Pakistan, Afghanistan and the West, Ahmed Rashid, ISBN 10: 0670023469. Cost from $1.93.
Mary Lasher (email@example.com), with a long interest in the Muslim world and American foreign policy, has taught courses on Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Middle East at the College for Seniors. She earned a master’s degree in history from Duke University. Additional presenters will be Frank Goldsmith, (firstname.lastname@example.org) and Rick Devereaux, (email@example.com).