At 4:30 a.m. on April 12, 1861, Confederate gunners opened fire on Fort Sumter. The following day the fort surrendered. There was only one casualty—a Confederate horse. In the ensuing four years, Americans killed each other in incredible numbers and the underlying issue changed from Union/states’ rights to what was meant by freedom in America. In each session we will view and discuss one film in the series.
Jim Kehoe (firstname.lastname@example.org) holds degrees from the College of the City of New York and Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn. He has been a student of the Civil War since 1953.